He was born on 10th October 1912 and killed on 1st November 1942 in the crash of R1716 on patrol over the Bay of Biscay. German records show that it was shot down by Hauptman Hein-Horst Hissbach of 15/KG40 west south west of Brest, France at 16.56hrs. Previously, on 5th May 1942, serving with 305 Squadron on a mission to Stuttgart, his aircraft was hit by flak and he was wounded. He gave his parachute to another crew member who was without one, then made an emergency landing at Mettet near Namur in Belgium. In spite of his injuries, he successfully escaped back to England. For these courageous actions he was awarded the Virtuti Militari (5th Class) which is the Polish equivalent of the Victoria Cross.