He was born on 1st December 1919 and was a navigator, known to be in service 8th July 1943. He was born in New Jersey, USA but returned to Poland with his parents when he was still a baby. At the outbreak of war he volunteered for the air force in Canada and, after training, joined 304 Squadron in England. In 1944 he transferred to the American Air Force and was assigned as a bombardier-navigator with the 586th Bomber Squadron, flying B26 bombers in the European theatre of war. After the war he worked for General Motors for 33 years and also taught Mathematics and Political Science at the University of Detroit. Since retiring he has continued to work for the benefit of the Polish community in Michegan, USA and was still active in 2009 aged 89. He also reported for Voice of America and acted as a translator for Radio Free Europe and maintained close ties with his Polish roots throughout his working life.